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特斯拉新型電動半掛車探秘

2017-12-23


首席設計師弗朗茨·馮·霍茲豪森領導下的設計審美幫特斯拉建立了忠實的粉絲群體,同時也帶來了同樣“熱情”的批評者。無論喜歡還是討厭特斯拉,人們總是能一眼就把它認出來。

11月16日,特斯拉首席執行官埃隆·穆斯克展示的純電動重型卡車Tesla Semi也不例外,這款卡車使用了很多與特斯拉的新型量產乘用車Model 3相同的零部件,比如電機、把手和顯示屏。但它的驚艷之處可絕不僅于此。

發布前,《財富》雜志記者有幸登上了這輛卡車。讓我們來看看它有哪些出彩之處。

走近駕駛室,你馬上就會注意到斜置在一側的雨刷,它看起來非常像同時發布的特斯拉Roadster原型車上的雨刷,閃閃發光的鍍鉻門把手則和Model 3上的相同。

駕駛室外沒有傳統卡車上的腳踏板。相反,車門既長又低。打開車門后可以看到里面有一排黑色腳踏板。

這些短而陡峭的腳踏板旁邊有一個可借力的長把手,登上去以后就進入駕駛室了。駕駛室實際上分為兩個區域,給人的主要感覺就是空間確實較大,高度可容一個人站直身體。駕駛室前部正中是司機座位,兩側各有一塊顯示屏,和Model 3里的顯示屏一樣。

Tesla’s design aesthetic, which has been led by Franz von Holzhausen, has helped it amass a committed fan base as well as some equally passionate detractors. Regardless of whether a person loves or loathes them, a Tesla is unmistakable.

The Tesla Semi, the all-electric heavy-duty truck CEO Elon Musk unveiled Nov. 16, is no different. And not just because it shares a number of parts with its new mass-market passenger vehicle the Model 3, including the same motor, handles, and display screen.

Fortune had a chance to get inside the Tesla Semi before the reveal. Here are the details that stood out.

Approaching the cab, you immediately notice the angled windshield wipers—which look a lot like the one on the new Roadster prototype unveiled at the same event—and the shiny chrome door handles that are also on the new Model 3 passenger vehicle.

There are no exterior steps like you might find on a traditional truck. Instead, the door is long and low. once the door is opened a set black steps are inside.

Walking up the short, steep steps, a long handle ready for support if needed, you arrive at the landing. This area is essentially divided into two areas. The big takeaway here is there is quite a bit of space, and the ceiling height is high enough to allow a person to stand upright. Towards the front of the cab is a central captain’s chair that is flanked by two display screens, one on each side. The screens are the same as the one inside the Model 3.

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圖片由特斯拉授權使用

駕駛座采用空氣懸掛,讓人覺得很有彈性。坐上去后馬上就會發現自己非常靠近擋風玻璃。因為這輛卡車上沒有發動機、傳動系統以及傳統柴油卡車上的其他“零碎”擋在前面,設計者才得以把座位放得如此靠前。其結果就是讓人覺得好像是在開一輛大眾巴士。

駕駛座旁邊有多個杯架,很多很多。另外還有一些地方可以放置物品,包括車門內側。

下面這張照片并未充分體現出駕駛室的實際內部空間,個人感覺它比照片中的還要大。

The captain’s chair has air suspension, giving it a bouncy feel. Sitting the chair you immediately become aware of how forward you’re sitting. Designers were able to push the seating area forward in this cab because there is no engine, transmission, and other traditional diesel truck bits to get in the way. The result is similar to what it feels like to drive a VW bus.

In the cockpit area, there are a number of cup holders. Many, many cup holders. There are also several areas to stow items, including in the door.

The photo below isn’t the best representation of the actual size of the interior, which in person seems bigger.

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圖片由特斯拉授權使用

駕駛座右后方是副駕駛座位,坐上去有點硬,不像前者那么有彈性。

駕駛室后上方有兩個行李架,和在飛機上看到的很相似。

Behind the captain’s chair, and to the right, is a secondary seat that is stiffer and without the bounciness of the main one.

In the back there are two overhead compartments that are similar to what you might find in an airplane.

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圖片由特斯拉授權使用

請注意,上周發布的Tesla Semi是測試原型車。也就是說,在特斯拉做好生產準備前,這款卡車還可能有一些小的改動。Tesla Semi的制造也有可能推遲,甚至根本不會量產。特斯拉在產品生產方面已經遇到了諸多挑戰,有些來自它的大眾市場乘用車,也就是Model 3,還有一些來自公司不斷增多的其他項目。

特斯拉將和其他打算開發電動半掛車或較小貨車的公司展開正面競爭,這些潛在對手包括博世、康明斯和戴姆勒。西門子等多家公司也已經開始進行電動商用卡車的可行性試驗。另有幾家初創公司也以略有不同的電動卡車或廂式貨車為目標,其中有Chanje、Nikola和Wrightspeed。(財富中文網)

譯者:Charlie

審校:夏林

Keep in mind, that the Tesla Semi revealed last week is a testing prototype. Which means it will likely go through a series of small changes as the company prepares to produce it. It’s also possible that production of the Tesla Semi will be delayed, or fail altogether. The company is already facing enormous challenges as it tries to work through production issues with its mass-marketing passenger vehicle, the Model 3, and the growing list of other projects the company is pursuing.

Tesla will go up against other companies trying to develop electric semi-trucks and smaller delivery vehicles. Other potential rivals include Bosch, Cummins, and Daimler. A number of companies such as Siemens have pilot programs already in place to test the viability of electrifying commercial trucks. And there are a few startups also pursuing the some variant of that electric trucking or delivery van goal, including Chanje, Nikola, and Wrightspeed.

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